About Iran


About Iran

Geographical location

Iran is located in southwestern Asia and the Middle East. The country is 1,648,195 square kilometers in area with a population of approximately 77,930,000 people. The area of Iran is about one fifth the size of the United States and about three times the size of France and ranks 18th in size among the countries of the world. It borders Azerbaijan and Armenia to the northwest, the Caspian Sea to the north, Turkmenistan to the northeast, Pakistan and Afghanistan to the east, Turkey and Iraq to the west and the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to the south. Tehran is the capitol and largest city of the country and the center of cultural, economic, political and commercial activities. The official language of the country is Farsi/Persian. Due to its geographical location, Iran is a bridge for sociopolitical relations between the East and West.

Crystal clear springs, pistachio orchards, vast tulip plains, diverse seasons, mountains and cliffs, star-filled nights, seemingly never-ending uneven terrains, inactive volcanos covered with snow, dense forests, gorgeous foothills, and beautiful coastlines are some of the scenic sites of Iran that attract many tourists all year round. According to the World Tourism Organization, Iran ranks 10th for historical and archeological attractions and 5th for natural attractions in the world.

Agricultural conditions

According to a report of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the main structure of agricultural production in the world is based on 66 products (41 agricultural crops and 25 types of livestock). Iran is ranked between 1st and 10th in production of one third of these important products of which 15 are orchard crops (fruits and nuts) and 7 are agricultural crops.

At present our country has an exceptional opportunity for production of orchard crops, and these crops are now considered to be the most economical sector of agriculture. Iran is ranked from 1st to 7th in the world in production of orchard crops including pistachios, pomegranates, dates, walnuts, almonds, kiwis, cherries, apricots, grapes, apples, figs and citrus fruits.

Cultivation of saffron in Iran dates back more than 3000 years. Iranian saffron, also called Red Gold, enjoys a very high export value. Iran is by far the largest producer of quality saffron in the world.

Annually, approximately 570 thousand tons of pistachios are produced in the world. Of this amount Iran produces around 190 thousand tons of pistachios, making it the leading country in quality pistachio production in the world.

In addition, of one million five hundred thousand tons of pomegranates produced in the world, 600,000 tons are produced in Iran, ranking Iran number one in production of this fruit.

In world date production Iran is ranked number two after Egypt. Of seven million tons of dates produced worldwide one million tons are grown in the date groves of Iran.

With production of more than 480,000 tons, Iran holds the number two position in the world for apricots.

In almond production Iran holds the number three position with production of 127,000 tons of the 2.2 million tons produced globally. Additionally, every year around 380,000 tons of walnuts are produced in Iran which puts Iran in fourth place in world production

Each year 222,000 tons of kiwi are harvested from the orchards in the north of the country which makes Iran the fourth largest producer of kiwi in the world.

Approximately 200,000 tons of cherries are harvested per annum in Iran, making us the third largest cherry producer in the world. Iran is also the fifth largest producer of both sour cherries and plums at 107,000 and 324,000 tons, respectively.

Yearly about two million seven hundred thousand tons of apples are harvested from Iran’s apple groves which sets Iran as the fourth largest producer of apples.

Iran is the sixth largest producer of hazelnuts in the world with more than 31,000 tons of hazelnuts produced annually

Iran is also considered the fifth largest producer of figs in the world with a harvest of more than 57,000 tons of figs from orchards in the south of the country.

Annual production of peaches and Saturn (doughnut) peaches is around 575,000 tons, giving Iran the sixth rank in world production online pharmacy xanax alprazolam .

Of the 14 million tons of lemons produced worldwide, Iran produces 700,000 tons. According to the statistics of Iran’s Ministry of Agriculture Jihad, the country holds the sixth world ranking for this crop. Annually, 4.5 million tons of other citrus fruits are harvested from orchards in the north and south of our country which puts Iran in the seventh rank for production of citrus fruits.

In addition, 1.8 million tons of various varieties of grapes are picked from vineyards in Iran, making it the 11th largest producer of grapes worldwide.

Every year more than 116,000 tons of pears are produced in the country, putting Iran in the 20th position for production of this agricultural crop.